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From Women’s Health Foundation

Although vaginal dryness can happen at any age, it is common during or after menopause. Vaginal walls are coated with a thin layer of moisture. As estrogen levels decline during menopause, the amount of moisture drops and its consistency changes. As a result, the vaginal walls become thinner and inflamed.

Common symptoms of vaginal dryness include:

  • Itchiness, burning, discomfort, and soreness around vaginal walls
  • Frequent and urgent urination
  • Light bleeding or pain during intercourse
  • Slight vaginal discharge
  • Recurrent urinary tract infections

Influences/Causes

The main cause of vaginal dryness is a decreased level of estrogen. The following conditions contribute to reduced estrogen levels:

  • Menopause
  • Childbirth
  • Breast-feeding
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Radiation and hormone treatment around pelvic areas
  • Chemotherapy
  • Anti-estrogen medications, such as those used to treat breast cancer
The vagina can be further inflamed or irritated due to:

  • Immune disorders
  • Douching
  • Certain tampons and condoms

Treatments/Remedies

To minimize vaginal dryness, avoid douching, lotions, perfumes and scented soaps, and try one or more of these strategies:

  • Vaginal moisturizing creams, usually available without a prescription
  • Water-soluble vaginal lubricants (for use during sex)
  • Prescription estrogen, available as a ring, tablet, or cream

Source : HealthyWomen

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